Espahbodan Cave belongs to the Iron age, and is located in a village by the same name in the northern part of a village named Shah-e-Shahidan. This place has been registered as one of the National Heritage sites on March 17, 2007 by registration No. 22522.
Espahbodan cave: There is a hole in a mountain, at its bottom and in southern part of it, and if you want to go there you should walk for about 1Km from Espahbodan Village. The Road access in some areas due to large and small rocks falling, is rocky and hard-to-pass and you should walk up across the hillside to the northwest. Around the cave and the path to it, is covered by short spiny bushes as the region vegetation. This cave has a large aperture of 4m to 15m or more and is located on N36 52.878 E49 46.333 and you can see it very easily from a few kilometers away on the way from Asiyabar (Asiabar) to Shah-e-Shahidan, because of its location and appearance. Total length of the cave from the aperture to the end is 17m. The floor height difference from the aperture to the end is 3m. There is a gap-like way at the end of the eastern side of the cave, which continues forward, through a narrow and dark way, to reach to a height of 3 to 5m which is explored by one of the members of Siyahlak (Siahkal) and Deylaman (Deilaman) tourism team.
Espahbodan Castle: This castle is located at a distance of 2km from north of Espahbodan village, on the top of a mountain with a height of 500 meters, which its access path is easier from the west, that is, the root of Shatlang and Sheikhsara.
If you stand on the mountain next to the castle, in a good weather condition, you will see some parts of Guilan in any direction by naked eyes. Down the mountain is Espahbodan cave and Siyahkal and Deylaman’s jungles are located in its north and northeast by a distance of 1000 meters. Some believe that there might be a connection between this castle and the cave down the mountain and the passage ways may be blocked by landslides or the earthquakes. As in Rudbar (Roodbar) famous earthquake, a cave named Nowchah (Nochah) in Dorfak mountain was ruined completely, but the remains of a reservoir, by a rectangular shape and made of brick and mortar, is apparent in the northeast side of the castle. There are several areas in the interior, and its entrance is on the west. The castle, which belongs to the Esmaili era, is about 500 meters higher than the areas around it, and leads to the Dorfak peak from the northwest. The castle is located on the mountain’s rocky bed which its east length is 100 meters and its width from the north to the south is 70 meters and has a steep slope. It seems that by building the thick and high walls, they have reinforced the western part of the castle and the enemies access to it was impossible. This castle has been registered as one of the National Heritage sites on August 13, 2005 by registration No. 13217.
Espahbodan is one of the historical villages in the region which at least 530 years ago, according to historical records, was one of the important areas in the region, as in “Tamerlane (Teymoor Lang)” (Tamerlane’s life story written by him/collector: Marcel Brion; translated and adapted by Zabihollah Mansouri) states:
“when I got into the town I saw all the men and women dressed in white. It was found in the city, men and women, from the day they got born until they death, just wear white clothes and sleep on white beds. If we consider Guilan as a city full of houri (nymph), Espahbodan city is the most beautiful booth. In that city men are beautiful too, just like women, and they are counted as ghilman beside houris. Of Espahbodan’s wonders is that I didn’t see a man or woman who has black eyes and all the inhabitants -men, women and children- had blue eyes; and they told me that the inhabitants wouldn’t marry foreigners, they would just marry those who were from Espahbodan. Therefore, there is no foreign race in the city, and as the indigenous race has blue eyes, so men and women have blue eyes. Another thing they told me was that, in the past, there have been some rulers in the area named Espahbodan, so the name of the city had been taken from them. The residents’ career was Sericulture and weaving silk fabrics and there wasn’t even one rice farmer in whole the city. In the city, any men, women and children, without exception, made silk, and men and women wove silk clothes. I went to their weaving workshops and I saw the innocent women behind the weaving looms, they were weaving foulard by their hands and every time I walked into a weaving workshop, I acknowledged the women who wove the vibe were more beautiful than the silk which was made by their hands and every time I just remembered Molavi’s state in his book named Masnavi “artifact is more beautiful than its maker”, and if he had been alive, I would have taken him from Konya (Konia) to Guilan and to Espahbodan in order to see the maker is more beautiful than the artifact in there, and although what these women weave are amazing and soft but they don’t have soul and eyes to look at human being; however those who weave the fabrics have soul and no one should look into their blue eyes, because they revolutionize the mighty warriors and inhibit them from fighting in a battle.
I didn’t stay in Espahbodan more than two days, then I walked away from Guilan, because I was afraid if I had stayed there, I would have lost my control and my passion would have forced me towards pleasure. After leaving Guilan, I went to Talesh (Taleshan) to see those people who were famous as the most powerful men in the countries around the Abeskon (Abesgon) sea and to find out if they can fight me.” (“Tamerlane”, p.166).
Translated by: Narjes Jafari Golnesaei